Общие компьютерные термины

Английский

Объяснение на английском

Русский

Operating system

 The low-level software that supports a computer's basic functions, such as scheduling tasks and controlling peripherals.

операционная система

Formatting

 Prepare (a storage medium) to receive data:

форматирование

Screen

 A flat panel or area on an electronic device such as a television, computer, or smartphone, on which images and data are displayed:

экран

Screen shot

 An image of the data displayed on the screen of a computer or mobile device.

скриншот

Pixel

 A minute area of illumination on a display screen, one of many from which an image is composed.

элемент изображения

Click

An act of pressing a button on a mouse or similar device:

клик

Cursor

 A movable indicator on a computer screen identifying the point that will be affected by input from the user.

курсор

Folder

 A directory containing related files or documents.

папка

Desktop

  The working area of a computer screen regarded as a representation of a notional desktop and containing icons representing items such as files.

 рабочий стол

Window

A framed area on a display screen for viewing information.

окно

Device

  A thing made or adapted for a particular purpose, especially a piece of mechanical or electronic equipment

устройство

Device driver

 A program that controls the operation of a device such as a printer or scanner.

драйвер устройства

Icon

 A symbol or graphic representation on a screen of a program, option, or window.

иконка

Password

  A string of characters that allows access to a computer, interface, or system.

пароль

Recycle bin

 Computing (especially in Windows systems) a folder used for the temporary storage of deleted files or folders before they are permanently erased.

корзина

Tool bar

 Computing (especially in Windows systems) a folder used for the temporary storage of deleted files or folders before they are permanently erased.

панель инструментов


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